Werden Jobs, die durch soziale Netzwerke gefunden werden, - download pdf or read online

By Florian Buntin

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Soziales method, Sozialstruktur, Klasse, Schichtung, word: 1,0, Universität Hamburg (Department für Sozialwissenschaften, Insitut für Soziologie), Veranstaltung: Netzwerke und soziale Einbettung , 34 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Obwohl sich die Arbeitsmarktlage in den letzten Monaten etwas entspannt hat und die Anzahl der Arbeitslosen leicht zurückgegangen ist, sind immer noch viele Menschen ohne activity und von Hartz IV betroffen. Da die erste Anlaufstelle bei Nichtbeschäftigung, die Bundesagentur für Arbeit, in letzter Zeit immer mehr in die Kritik geraten ist, weil die Vermittlungsquoten eher dürftig, die Löhne niedrig sind und viele Jobs von den Arbeitssuchenden abgelehnt werden, reagieren Arbeitnehmer mit unterschiedlichen Strategien auf die Arbeitslosigkeit. In dieser Arbeit soll ein verbreitetes device zur Jobfindung untersucht werden – die Suche nach einem Arbeitsplatz durch das soziale Netzwerk. Mit sozialem oder persönlichem Netzwerk sind die Verwandten, Freunde und Bekannten gemeint. Über diese Personengruppen können relativ leicht Informationen über vakante Stellen in Erfahrung gebracht werden. Darüber hinaus erhalten die Arbeitssuchenden weitergehende Informationen, die über die Stellenausschreibung und das Vorstellungsgespräch hinausgehen.
Auch die Arbeitgeberseite nutzt zunehmend die Netzwerke ihrer Mitarbeiter, um neue Mitarbeiter zu rekrutieren. Denn auch wenn viele Menschen ohne Arbeit dem Arbeitsmarkt theoretisch zur Verfügung stehen, so bleiben doch viele Stellen aufgrund von ungenügender Qualifikation der Arbeitnehmer unbesetzt. Aber auch das web hat das Interesse und die Penetration von Netzwerken weiter vorangetrieben. So wurde das Business-Onlinenetzwerk Xing, ehemals OpenBC, in dem Geschäftsleute neue Geschäftskontakte aufbauen können, das aber auch zur Jobsuche benutzt werden kann, im Dezember 2006 an die Börse gebracht.
Mark Granovetter battle einer der ersten Forscher, der 1974 die Jobsuche mittels Netzwerke näher untersucht hat. Dabei hat er festgestellt, dass Netzwerke durchaus in die aktive und passive Jobsuche mit einbezogen werden. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es nun zu untersuchen, welche Qualität die durch die Netzwerke vermittelten Jobpositionen haben. Mit Qualität ist in diesem Kontext in erster Linie die Bezahlung gemeint. Andere Merkmale, die unter Jobqualität subsumiert werden können, wie Weiterbildungs- und Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten oder Jobzufriedenheit, werden in dieser Arbeit nur peripher berücksichtigt.

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Download e-book for kindle: Government Consolidation and Economic Development in by Sally Sleeper,Rae W. Archibald

By Sally Sleeper,Rae W. Archibald

This file concludes that, even supposing facts is blended and results tricky to degree, consolidating town of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County may possibly improve monetary improvement through unifying management, bettering coverage course and coordination, and sprucing economic-development tasks. elevated collaboration with the personal zone is also vital, and mixing in simple terms governments nonetheless leaves the area hugely fragmented.

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New PDF release: Bigger or Better?: Australia's Population Debate

By Ian Lowe

A accomplished and precise research of the debatable debate approximately Australia’s inhabitants numbers, this ebook clarifies the topic and addresses the numerous misconceptions. It offers a historical account of Australia’s inhabitants progress and a research of legit info whereas analyzing the parts of that growth intimately, together with delivery premiums and immigration in addition to the newer pattern of an getting older inhabitants. furthermore, this thorough account additionally discusses the causes of the events, either those that advertise inhabitants development and those that argue opposed to it.

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Get Religion, Economics and Demography: The Effects of Religion PDF

By Evelyn Lehrer

Using the instruments of economics, this booklet analyses how faith impacts judgements and results in a variety of components, together with schooling, employment, kin dimension, access into cohabitation and formal marriage, the alternative of wife and divorce.

In every one case, the relationships are carefully quantified in response to multivariate statistical analyses of enormous scale US info. the consequences exhibit, for instance, that once humans marry outdoor their religion, there's a rise within the chance of divorce, the importance of the adversarial impression based partly at the ecumenical/exclusivist nature of the 2 religions. different analyses express that formative years who develop up with a few faith of their lives are much less most likely than their opposite numbers with very little non secular involvement to drop out of highschool or input cohabiting preparations at a tender age. total, either spiritual association and the level of participation in non secular actions are chanced on to have far-reaching implications for monetary and demographic behaviour.

The publication encompasses a wealth of information illustrating how the non secular and secular geographical regions of people’s lives are in detail intertwined. With its monetary viewpoint, it bargains new methods of brooding about those relationships and is a priceless source for college students and students attracted to the function of faith in schooling, paintings and the relations.

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Overpopulated Philippines by Armando Ang PDF

By Armando Ang

The Philippines is less than attack, no longer from outdoor resource yet from inside. Many are conscious of the matter yet can do little approximately it. whether they desired to take care of it, it's annoyed yet those that don't imagine it's a challenge. The attack is coming from our runaway inhabitants explosion. there's greater than simply the substantial variety of humans within the factor of overpopulation. Many pro-lifers within the nation don't turns out to know the difficulty of overpopulation in terms of components akin to the standard of existence, nutritious nutrition, schooling, toxins, deforestation inhabitants density, site visitors challenge, crimes, unemployment and poverty, healthiness, and so forth. such a lot of them are ignorant of the affliction of the terrible who takes the blunt of the matter simply because they most likely by no means skilled their form of trouble and caliber of existence.

Increasing inhabitants obviously involves the necessity for extra of just about every little thing simply to preserve our way of life albeit in lots of low caliber for many of the folks surviving now. we want extra study rooms and lecturers for the youngsters and we won't appear to lick either difficulties in the end those many years as a result of the exploding inhabitants development. In a stabilized inhabitants, there'll now not be desire for brand new study rooms and money should be channel to bettering the schooling method and getting extra youngsters to complete larger schooling.

. the fundamental providers comparable to water offer and health and wellbeing prone were insufficient and may proceed to plague us within the coming many years. there's not sufficient fresh water to provide even the entire population of the city. Many need to pump up their water desire from deep wells which are usually infected whereas inflicting the sinking of the land above in lots of components. Public healthiness clinics and hospitals are usually crowded with sufferers and plenty of are loss of life for loss of medications. The cabinets within the grocery store can be complete, yet lots of the bad do not need the cash to shop for their simple wishes. based on one newest survey, 9 hundreds of thousands individuals are surviving less than $1 an afternoon. much more numbers are surviving less than $2 an afternoon. not just that, they aren't getting effectively the fundamental nutrients must haves, comparable to protein that will let them compete during this global. Protein is vital for kids in the event that they are looking to enhance their brains and increase their IQ.

Are we going to proceed to export our employees like slaves to different international locations? a lot of our countrymen are operating out of the country to earn a good existence for his or her relatives again domestic. almost all these jobs are undesirable by way of the locals. a few of them may be demeaning and sometimes challenging works. there's a critical unemployment and underemployment difficulties within the kingdom, forcing them to seem for jobs in different places. there's a have to stability the to be had jobs opposed to the variety of teenagers becoming a member of the crew each year. Too many of us out of labor may perhaps suggest extra crimes as they attempted to feed themselves and their households. The over the top hard work strength permits employers to mistreat staff on a hire-fire-hire foundation. Many staff were employed on a contractual paintings even for easy jobs. the feminine employees are relatively at an obstacle. a few were pressured to paintings on a fee foundation promoting cigarettes and goodies whose commissions don't upload as much as part the elemental wage mandated through legislations whereas others are usually not even given any fee except they succeed in a definite quota. This wanton perform is feasible basically simply because there are too many unemployed employees in a finite hard work industry. in truth a lot of them are prepared to paintings for pittance simply to fill their stomachs and that in their enjoyed ones.

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Download PDF by Ansley J. Coale,Paul Demeny,Barbara Vaughan: Regional Model Life Tables and Stable Populations: Studies

By Ansley J. Coale,Paul Demeny,Barbara Vaughan

local version existence Tables and solid Populations, moment version continues the culture of study at the research of fertility and mortality as concerning inhabitants development and composition. The tables provided are critical types: version lifestyles tables and version sturdy populations. The incorporated types are versions of mortality and age composition; "west" version existence tables and reliable populations; "north" version lifestyles tables and sturdy populations; "east" version lifestyles tables and reliable populations; and "south" version existence tables and solid populations. humans excited about the research of inhabitants development and composition will locate the publication useful.

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New PDF release: Alterssicherung im Vergleich BRD und Schweiz (German

By Antje Kreher

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Soziales procedure, Sozialstruktur, Klasse, Schichtung, word: 1,3, Ernst-Abbe-Hochschule Jena, ehem. Fachhochschule Jena, Veranstaltung: Sozialpolitik, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Heutzutage sehen wir das soziale Sicherungssystem als selbstverständlich an. Jedoch muss guy beachten, dass Deutschland eins der ersten Länder mit einem sozialen Sicherungssystem struggle und dies auch erst 1883 mit der Krankenversicherung seinen Anfang nahm. Ein Jahr darauf folgte die Unfallversicherung, 1889 die Alters- und Invalidenversicherung. Erst 1927 kam die Arbeitslosenversicherung hinzu. Deutschland wurde additionally erst zur Jahrhundertwende des 19. Jahrhunderts zu einem Sozialstaat. Die Gründe hierfür lagen in den Entwicklungen der Industriellen Revolution. Das einfache Leben der vorindustriellen Zeit hatte sich sozial und ökonomisch extrem verschärft. Die Unfallgefahr stieg, die Arbeitsbedingungen verschlechterten sich und die dadurch an Zulauf gewinnenden Sozialdemokraten stellten das deutsche Kaiserreich auf die Probe. Bismarck wollte durch die Zusicherung von sozialem Schutz den Sozialdemokraten den Wind aus den Segeln nehmen. guy kann additionally getrost sagen, dass unser soziales Sicherungssystem nicht aus Nächstenliebe sondern politischem Kalkül geboren wurde.
Nichts desto trotz battle es eine revolutionäre Idee, von der wir bis heute profitieren. In der Zwischenzeit hat es viele Änderungen im Sozialsystem gegeben. Grundlegende kann guy jedoch sagen, dass die vier Grundpfeiler Krankenversicherung, Rentenversicherung, Unfallversicherung und Arbeitslosenversicherung bestehen geblieben sind und nur durch die Pflegeversicherung 1995 erweitert wurden.

Anhaltende Diskussionen werden über die Zukunft der Alterssicherung geführt. Nahezu klar ist dabei, dass das heutige approach im jetzigen Aufbau in Zukunft nicht funktionsfähig bleiben wird. Durch demographische Veränderungen, verschiedener Veränderungen in Erwerbsverhalten, Erwerbsarbeit und Ehebeständigkeit führen dazu, dass ein Umbau des Rentensystems stattfinden muss. Ansonsten würde in Zukunft entweder der Rentenbeitrag steigen bei gleicher Rentenhöhe, die Rente sinken bei gleicher Beitragshöhe oder das Rentenalter hochgesetzt werden.
In dieser Arbeit werde ich versuchen die Alterssicherung Deutschlands zu analysieren und es mit dem Schweizer Rentensystem vergleichen. [...]

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Download PDF by Collectif: Perspectives économiques de l'OCDE, Volume 2009 Numéro 1

By Collectif

L'édition de juin 2009 des Perspectives économiques de l’OCDE, publication semestrielle, présente des views jusqu’à fin 2010 pour les can pay de l'OCDE et certaines économies non membres. Son annexe statistique complète est un outil précieux pour analyser les comparaisons économiques internationales. Cette édition constate qu'une reprise est en vue mais que les effets négatifs de los angeles crise auront des effets à lengthy terme.

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Download e-book for kindle: Sharing America’s Neighborhoods: The Prospects for Stable by Ingrid Gould ELLEN

By Ingrid Gould ELLEN

The first a part of this booklet provides a clean and inspiring file at the kingdom of racial integration in America's neighborhoods. It exhibits that whereas the bulk are certainly racially segregated, a considerable and transforming into quantity are built-in, and stay so for years.

Still, many built-in neighborhoods do resolve quick, and the second one a part of the publication explores the foundation factors. rather than panic and "white flight" inflicting the quick breakdown of racially built-in neighborhoods, the writer argues, modern racial switch is pushed basically by way of the choice of white families to not movement into built-in neighborhoods once they are relocating for purposes unrelated to race. Such "white avoidance" is basically in keeping with the assumptions that built-in neighborhoods fast turn into all black and that the standard of lifestyles in them declines accordingly.

The writer concludes that whereas this clarification can be much less troubling than the extra universal specialise in racial hatred and white flight, there's nonetheless a very good case for modest executive intervention to advertise the soundness of racially built-in neighborhoods. the ultimate bankruptcy bargains a few instructions for policymakers to stick with in crafting powerful policies.

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New PDF release: Hispanics in the United States

By Bergad,Klein

In 1980 the USA govt started to systematically gather info on Hispanics. via 2005 the Latino inhabitants of the us had turn into the nation's greatest minority and is projected to contain approximately one-third of the full US inhabitants in 2050. using census info and different statistical resource fabrics, this publication examines the changes within the demographic, social, and fiscal buildings of Latino-Americans within the usa among 1980 and 2005. in contrast to such a lot different reports, this e-book offers information on variations through the years, instead of a static portrait of particular subject matters at specific moments. Latino-Americans are tested over this twenty-five 12 months interval by way of their demographic constructions, altering styles of wealth and poverty, academic attainment, citizenship and voter participation, occupational buildings, employment, and unemployment. the result's an in depth socioeconomic portrait by means of area and over the years that shows the fundamental styles that experience bring about the formation of a posh nationwide minority workforce that has develop into crucial to US society.

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